The Element Antimony

What is Antimony? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

Site Index Sitemap States of Matter Metalloids Non-Metals
Periodic Table What is the element Antimony within the Periodic Table?

Definition of the Antimony Element
A metallic element having four allotropic forms, the most common of which is a hard, extremely brittle, lustrous, silver-white, crystalline material. It is used in a wide variety of alloys, especially with
Lead in battery plates, and in the manufacture of flame-proofing compounds, paint, semiconductor devices, and ceramic products. Antimony is a poor conductor of heat and electricity, it is stable in dry air and is not attacked by dilute acids or alkalis. The Atomic Number of this element is 51 and the Element Symbol is Sb.

Origin / Meaning of the name Antimony
From the Greek words anti and monos meaning "opposed to solitude".

 

Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Antimony Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Antimony is classified as a "Metalloid" element and is located in Groups 13, 14,15, 16 and 17 of the Periodic Table. An element classified as one of the Metalloids has the properties of both metals and Non-Metals. Some are semi-conductors and can carry an electrical charge making them useful in calculators and computers.

Facts about the Discovery and History of the Antimony Element
Dates back to Antiquity and used by many ancient peoples. First reported scientifically by Tholden in 1450. The first description of a procedure for isolating elemental antimony was in 1540 by Vannoccio Biringuccio.

History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief History of the Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of the Periodic Table.

Occurrence of the Antimony Element
Antimony is chalcophile, occurring with
Sulfur and the heavy metals Copper, lead, and silver
Found in over 100 mineral species

Abundances of the element in different environments
% % in Universe 410-8%
% in Sun 110-7%
% in Meteorites 0.000012%
% in Earth's Crust 0.00002%
% in Oceans 210-8%
% in Humans N/A

Medical Uses of Antimony - Health and Treatments
Interesting information on the Medical Uses of Antimony, Health and Treatments. Antimony compounds are used in medicine as anti-infective agents in the treatment of tropical diseases. All antimony compounds are potentially poisonous and must be used with caution. Ingestion of antimony compounds may produce symptoms similar to those of acute arsenic poisoning.

Associated Uses of Antimony
Flame-proofing compounds
Matches
Batteries
Paint
Semi-conductors
Ceramic products
Antimony trioxide
Antimony dithiocarbamate

Sb

The Properties of the Antimony Element
Symbol of Element : Sb
Atomic Number : 51
Atomic Mass: 121.76 amu
Melting Point: 630.0 C - 903.15 K
Boiling Point: 1750.0 C - 2023.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 51
Number of Neutrons in Antimony : 71
Crystal Structure: Rhombohedral
Density @ 293 K: 6.684 g/cm3
Color:
silver-white, bluish

The Properties of the Antimony Element
Name of Element : Antimony
Symbol of Element : Sb
Atomic Number of Antimony : 51
Atomic Mass: 121.76 amu
Melting Point: 630.0 C - 903.15 K
Boiling Point: 1750.0 C - 2023.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Antimony : 51
Number of Neutrons in Antimony : 71
Crystal Structure: Rhombohedral
Density @ 293 K: 6.684 g/cm3
Color of Antimony :
silver-white, bluish

Antimony as on the Periodic Table
Check out Antimony on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Antimony as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

Other elements classified as Metalloids
The other elements contained in the classification of Metalloids are as follows:

  • Boron
  • Silicon
  • Germanium
  • Arsenic
  • Tellurium
  • Polonium

What is Antimony - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Antimony is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Antimony with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Antimony and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Antimony

The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry


 

What is Antimony - Information - Chemistry - Periodic Table - Element - Info - Uses - What is Antimany - Atomic Number - Atomic Weight -  Mass - Online - Science - Quiz - What is Antimony - Information - Facts - Use - Chemical - Properties - Fact - Density - Radioactive - History - Antimony - Liquid - Gas - Solid - Chemical - Melting Point - Boiling Point - Metal - Hallogen - Noble - Rare Earth - What is Antimony - Information - Chemistry - Periodic Table - Element - Info - Uses - What is Antimany - Atomic Number - Atomic Weight -  Mass - Online - Science - Quiz - What is Antimony - Information - Facts - Use - Chemical - Properties - Fact - Density - Radioactive - History - Antimony - Liquid - Gas - Solid - Chemical - Melting Point - Boiling Point - Metal - Hallogen - Noble - Rare Earth - What is Antimony - Chemistry - Chemical - Substance - Compound - Part - Building block - Component - Factor - Module - Constituent - Molecule - Atom - Physical property - Elementary Substance - Isotope - Elment - Elemant - Symbol - Written By Linda Alchin