The Element Calcium

What is Calcium? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

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List of MetalsPeriodic TableWhat is Calcium as on the Periodic Table?

Definition of the Calcium Element
A silvery, moderately hard metallic element that constitutes approximately
3.5% of the earth's crust and is a basic component of most animals and plants. Calcium is essential to the formation and maintenance of strong bones and teeth. It occurs naturally in limestone, gypsum, and fluorite, and its compounds are used to make plaster, quicklime, cement, and metallurgic and electronic materials.

Calcium is less chemically reactive than alkaline metals and than the other alkaline-earth metals. Refer to Calcium Reaction for its reaction to Water, Oxygen & Acids. The Atomic Number of this element is 20 and the Element Symbol is Ca.

 

What is Calcium? Origin / Meaning of the name Calcium
The
name 'Calcium' originates from the Latin words calx or 'calcis' meaning limestone. Calcium compounds, such as marble, chalk, lime (calcium oxide), limestone (calcium carbonate) and gypsum have been used in construction and for decoration since antiquity.

What is Calcium? Periodic Table Group and Classification of the Calcium Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Calcium
is classified as an "Alkaline Earth Metals" which are located in Group 2 elements of the Periodic Table. An Element classified as an Alkaline Earth Metals are found in the Earths crust, but not in the elemental form as they are so reactive. Instead, they are widely distributed in rock structures. For additional facts and information refer to Calcium Properties.

Common properties of Alkaline Earth metals
The elements classed as "Alkaline Earth metals" have the following properties in common:

  • Shiny Solids
  • Two electrons in the outer shell
  • Can conduct heat or electricity
  • Can be formed into sheets

Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

Facts about the History of the Discovery of the Calcium Element
Compounds of calcium such as limestone, chalk, marble and gypsum plaster have been in use since antiquity. The Ancient Romans discovered concrete by combining a mixture of lime (calcium hydroxide) with volcanic ash and a few pieces of rock. Without concrete fabulous Roman buildings such as the Pantheon and the Colosseum could not have been built. In 1808 Sir Humphry Davy isolated the element Calcium by the electrolysis of a mixture of lime and mercuric oxide (HgO).

Sir Humphry Davy (1778 - 1829)

What is Calcium? Occurrence of the Calcium Element
3.5% of Earth's crust
Fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust
Obtained from chalk, limestone and marble
Only found in living organisms

Abundances of the element in different environments
%
in Universe 0.007%
% in Sun 0.007%
% in Meteorites 1.1%
% in Earth's Crust 5%
% in Oceans 0.00042%
% in Humans 1.4%

Medical Uses of Calcium - Health and Treatments
Interesting information is contained in the following table of Medical Uses of Calcium, Health and Treatments. Calcium supplements are useful for preventing osteoporosis and possibly colon cancer. It is also used for treating PMS, colon polyps and in lowering high blood pressure.
 

Medical uses of Calcium - Health and Treatments

Medical DisordersMedical SymptomsUses of Calcium & Treatments
HypocalcemiaCalcium level in blood is too lowCalcium chloride (a salt used in solution)
Hyperphosphatemia in renal osteodystrophyExcess phosphorus in the systemCalcium citrate a salt used as a calcium replenisher
Medical DisordersMedical SymptomsUses of Calcium & Treatments

A useful reference providing information regarding the medical uses of Calcium, associated health issues and disorders and treatments using calcium preparations.

Associated Uses of Calcium
Dairy products are an excellent source of calcium. Deficiency can affect bone and teeth formation
Vitamin D is needed to absorb calcium
Reducing agent
Medicine and Health Care
Alloying agent used in the production of alloys
Coral calcium , calcium carbonate, chloride, citrate, carbide, hydroxide
Calcium oxide (lime, quicklime) (CaO). Lime is prepared by strongly heating calcium carbonate (limestone) in large furnaces called kilns.
Pure calcium hydroxide is a light white powder. It is sparingly soluble in water, forming a solution called limewater, which is often used in medicine as a mild alkali.
Cement. When limestone to which clay and sand have been added in certain proportions is burned until it is partly fused (some natural marl is already of about the right composition), and the clinker so produced is ground to powder, the product is called cement.
Bleaching powder (CaOCl2). When
Chlorine acts upon a solution of calcium hydroxide the reaction is similar to that which occurs between chlorine and Potassium hydroxide.

Ca

The Properties of the Calcium Element
Symbol of Element : Ca
Atomic Number : 20
Atomic Mass: 40.078 amu
Melting Point: 839.0 C - 1112.15 K
Boiling Point: 1484.0 C - 1757.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons : 20
Number of Neutrons : 20
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 1.55 g/cm3
Color :
silvery

What is Calcium? The Properties of the Calcium Element
Name of Element : Calcium
Symbol of Element : Ca
Atomic Number of Calcium : 20
Atomic Mass: 40.078 amu
Melting Point: 839.0 C - 1112.15 K
Boiling Point: 1484.0 C - 1757.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Calcium : 20
Number of Neutrons in Calcium : 20
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 1.55 g/cm3
Color of Calcium :
silvery

Facts about the History of the Discovery of Calcium Element
Calcium was discovered by Sir Humphry Davy in 1808 by electrolysis of quicklime.

Sir Humphry Davy
Sir Humphry Davy (1778-1829) isolated
Sodium, Lithium, potassium, barium, strontium, and calcium by means of electrolysis; demonstrated the elementary nature of chlorine; invented the safety lamp; discovered the stupefying effects of nitrous oxide.

Sir Humphry Davy (1778 - 1829)

Calcium as on the Periodic Table
Check out Calcium on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the
Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Calcium as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

Other elements classified as Alkaline Earth Metals
The other elements contained in this classification are as follows:

  • Beryllium
  • Magnesium
  • Strontium
  • Barium
  • Radium

What is Calcium - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Calcium is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Calcium with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Calcium and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Calcium

The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry


 

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