The Element Niobium

What is Niobium? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

Site Index Sitemap Transition Metals List of Metals Periodic Table
What is the element Niobium as on the Periodic Table?

Definition of the Niobium Element
A silvery, soft, ductile metallic element that occurs chiefly in columbite-tantalite and is used in steel alloys, arc welding, and superconductivity research. Niobium must be placed in a protective atmosphere when processed at even moderate temperatures because it tends to react with Oxygen,
Carbon, the halogens, Nitrogen, and sulfur.

This element is still widely referred to by its original name - Columbium. The Atomic Number of this element is 41 and the Element Symbol is Nb.

 

Origin / Meaning of the name Niobium
Name Origin - Columbium was the name originally given to this element by Hatchet but IUPAC officially adopted "niobium" as the name originally given by Heinrich Rose in 1846. The word Niobium originates from Niobe, daughter of mythical Greek king Tantalus because the elements niobium and tantalum were originally thought to be identical elements.

Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Niobium Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Niobium is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat.Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

Facts about the History and the Discovery of the Niobium Element
Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchet  in 1801 in the columbite ore that was sent to England in the 1750s by John Winthrop, the first governor of Connecticut. Hatchet therefore gave it the name Columbium. Heinrich Rose and Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac rediscovered the element in 1846. Christian Blomstrand was the first to prepare the metal in 1864.

History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief History of the Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of the Periodic Table.

Occurrence of the Niobium Element
Obtained from columbite

Abundances of the element in different environments
% in Universe 210-7%
% in Sun 410-7%
% in Meteorites 0.000019%
% in Earth's Crust 0.0017%
% in Oceans 110-10%
% in Humans N/A

Associated Uses of Niobium
Tantalum capacitor
Steel alloys
Tantalum plating
Hot metal spraying
Arc welding
Super-conductivity research

Nb

The Properties of the Niobium Element
Symbol of Element : Nb
Atomic Number : 41
Atomic Mass: 92.90638 amu
Melting Point: 2468.0 C - 2741.15 K
Boiling Point: 4927.0 C - 5200.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 41
Number of Neutrons: 52
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 8.57 g/cm3
Color :
silvery white

The Properties of the Niobium Element
Name of Element : Niobium
Symbol of Element : Nb
Atomic Number of Niobium : 41
Atomic Mass: 92.90638 amu
Melting Point: 2468.0 C - 2741.15 K
Boiling Point: 4927.0 C - 5200.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Niobium : 41
Number of Neutrons in Niobium : 52
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 8.57 g/cm3
Color of Niobium :
silvery white

Niobium as on the Periodic Table
Check out Niobium on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Niobium as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

What is Niobium - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Niobium is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Niobium with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Niobium and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Niobium

The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry


 

What is Niobium - Information - Chemistry - Periodic Table - Element - Info - Uses - What is Niobuim - Nobium - Atomic Number - Atomic Weight -  Mass - Online - Science - Quiz - What is Niobium - Information - Facts - Use - Chemical - Properties - Fact - Density - Radioactive - History - Niobium - Liquid - Gas - Solid - Chemical - Melting Point - Boiling Point - Metal - Hallogen - Noble - Rare Earth - What is Niobium - Information - Chemistry - Periodic Table - Element - Info - Uses - What is Niobuim - Nobium - Atomic Number - Atomic Weight -  Mass - Online - Science - Quiz - What is Niobium - Information - Facts - Use - Chemical - Properties - Fact - Density - Radioactive - History - Niobium - Liquid - Gas - Solid - Chemical - Melting Point - Boiling Point - Metal - Hallogen - Noble - Rare Earth - What is Niobium - Chemistry - Chemical - Substance - Compound - Part - Building block - Component - Factor - Module - Constituent - Molecule - Atom - Physical property - Elementary Substance - Isotope - Elment - Elemant - Symbol - Written By Linda Alchin