The Element Tantalum

What is Tantalum? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

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Element Symbol What is the element Tantalum as on the Periodic Table?

Definition of the Tantalum Element
A very hard, heavy, gray metallic element that is exceptionally resistant to chemical attack below 150C. It is almost immune to chemical attack at temperatures below 150 C. Tantalum is virtually resistant to corrosion due to an oxide film on its surface. It is used to make light-bulb filaments, electrolytic capacitors, lightning arresters, nuclear reactor parts, and some surgical instruments.

The element has a melting point exceeded only by Tungsten and rhenium. Tantalum has the most capacitance per volume of any substance. The Atomic Number of this element is 73 and the Element Symbol is Ta.

 

Origin / Meaning of the name Tantalum
The name originates from King Tantalus, the father of Niobe, in Greek mythology. Tantalus was banished to Hades where he was placed up to his chin in water, which receded whenever he tried to drink it and under branches of fruit, which drew back whenever he tried to pick their fruit. This name was selected because of the insoluability of tantalum in acids, thus when placed in the midst of acids it is incapable of taking any of them up.

Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Tantalum Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Tantalum is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat.Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

Facts about the History and the Discovery of the Tantalum Element
Tantalum was discovered by Anders Ekeberg in 1802. The element was isolated in 1820 by Jons Berzelius. The first relatively pure ductile metal was produced  in 1903 by Werner von Bolton.

History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief History of the Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of the Periodic Table.

Occurrence of the Tantalum Element
Obtained from the minerals tantalite, euxenite, samarskite, and fergusonite
Mined in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Africa, Portugal, and Thailand.

Abundances of the element in different environments
% in Universe 810-9%
% in Sun N/A
% in Meteorites 210-6%
% in Earth's Crust 0.00017%
% in Oceans 210-10%
% in Humans N/A

Associated Uses of Tantalum
Electronic components - Capacitors
Automotive electronics
Jet engine components
Chemical process equipment
Nuclear reactors
Camera lenses
Portable telephones
Pagers
Personal computers
Surgical appliances
Tantalum pentachloride

Ta

The Properties of the Tantalum Element
Symbol of Element : Ta
Atomic Number: 73
Atomic Mass: 180.9479 amu
Melting Point: 2996.0 C - 3269.15 K
Boiling Point: 5425.0 C - 5698.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 73
Number of Neutrons: 108
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 16.654 g/cm3
Color of Tantalum :
gray

The Properties of the Tantalum Element
Name of Element : Tantalum
Symbol of Element : Ta
Atomic Number of Tantalum : 73
Atomic Mass: 180.9479 amu
Melting Point: 2996.0 C - 3269.15 K
Boiling Point: 5425.0 C - 5698.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Tantalum : 73
Number of Neutrons in Tantalum : 108
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 16.654 g/cm3
Color of Tantalum :
gray

Tantalum as on the Periodic Table
Check out Tantalum on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Tantalum as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

What is Tantalum - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Tantalum is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Tantalum with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Tantalum and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Tantalum

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