The Element Vanadium

What is Vanadium? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

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Periodic Table What is the element Vanadium as on the Periodic Table?

Definition of the Vanadium Element
A bright white, soft, ductile metallic element found in several minerals, notably vanadinite and carnotite, having good structural strength. Vanadium resists corrosion due to a protective film of oxide on the surface. It is therefore used in rust-resistant high-speed tools, as a
Carbon stabilizer in some steels, as a Titanium-steel bonding agent, and as a catalyst.

The Atomic Number of this element is 23 and the Element Symbol is V.

 

Origin / Meaning of the name Vanadium
The name originated from Vanadis the Scandinavian Goddess of Beauty because the element has beautiful multi-colored chemical compounds.

Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Vanadium Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Vanadium is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat. Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

The Discovery of Vanadium
Vanadium was originally discovered by the Spanish mineralogist Andres Manuel del Rio at Mexico City in 1801. Rediscovered by Nils Sefstrom of Sweden in 1830. Isolated by Henry Enfield Roscoe in 1867. 

Facts about the History of the Discovery of Vanadium Element
Properties within each individual group are similar, but nevertheless vary within a group. Generally chemical activity decreases as the period increases a non-metal group and increases as the period increases within a metal group. The first element in a group is always an active metal, the last is always an inactive non-metal.

History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief History of the Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of the Periodic Table.

Occurrence of the Vanadium Element
Approx. 80% of vanadium produced is used as ferrovanadium or as a steel additive
Obtained from the minerals patronite and vanadinite

Abundances of the element in different environments
% in Universe 0.0001%
% in Sun 0.00004%
% in Meteorites 0.0061%
% in Earth's Crust 0.019%
% in Oceans 1.510-7%
% in Humans 310-6%

Medical Uses of Vanadium - Health and Treatments
Interesting information on the Medical Uses of Vanadium, Health and Treatments. Vanadium salts have been used in treating various diseases. Absorption of its compounds, usually via the lungs, causes chronic intoxication, the symptoms of which include respiratory tract irritation, pneumonitis, conjunctivitis, and anemia.

Associated Uses of Vanadium
Surgical instruments and tools
Dye and color-fixer
Vanadium steel alloys are used in axles, crankshafts and gears
Ceramics
Vanadium pentoxide catalyst
Molybdenum vanadium steel plate
Chrome vanadium steel

V

Properties of the Vanadium Element
Symbol of Element : V
Atomic Number : 23
Atomic Mass: 50.9415 amu
Melting Point: 1890.0 C - 2163.15 K
Boiling Point: 3380.0 C - 3653.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 23
Number of Neutrons: 28
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 5.8 g/cm3
Color of Vanadium :
bright white

The Properties of the Vanadium Element
Name of Element : Vanadium
Symbol of Element : V
Atomic Number of Vanadium : 23
Atomic Mass: 50.9415 amu
Melting Point: 1890.0 C - 2163.15 K
Boiling Point: 3380.0 C - 3653.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Vanadium : 23
Number of Neutrons in Vanadium : 28
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 5.8 g/cm3
Color of Vanadium :
bright white

Vanadium as on the Periodic Table
Check out Vanadium on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Vanadium as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

What is Vanadium - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Vanadium is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Vanadium with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Vanadium and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Vanadium

The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry


 

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