The Element Xenon

What is Xenon? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

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Definition of the Xenon Element
A colorless, odorless, highly unreactive gaseous element found in minute quantities in the atmosphere and extracted commercially from liquefied air. In a gas filled tube xenon emits blue light when excited by electrical discharge. It is used in stroboscopic, bactericidal, and laser-pumping lamps. The Atomic Number of this element is 54 and the Element Symbol is Xe.

What is Xenon? Origin / Meaning of the name Xenon
The
name originates from the Greek word 'xenon' meaning the stranger.

 

What is Xenon? Periodic Table Group and Classification of the Xenon Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a gas. Xenon
is classified as an element in the 'Noble Gases' section which can be located in group 18 of the Periodic Table. The term 'Noble gas' derives from the Old High German word Edelgas from 'edili' meaning "noble". The name 'noble gases' is an allusion to the old, similarly termed 'Noble Metals'. The Noble Metals included  gold, silver and platinum which were so called due to their long association with the aristocracy.

Facts about the Discovery and History of the Xenon Element
Xenon was discovered by William Ramsay and Morris Travers in England in 1898.

Sir William Ramsay (1852 - 1916)
Sir William Ramsay discovered the noble gases and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1904 "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air". These elements included
Argon, Krypton and neon. Ramsay also isolated Helium which had been observed in the spectrum of the sun but had not been found on earth. In 1910 Ramsay also made and characterized radon.

Sir William Ramsay (1852 - 1916)

What is Xenon? Occurrence of the Xenon Element
A trace gas in Earth's atmosphere, occurring in one part in twenty million
Obtained from liquid air

Abundances of the element in different environments
%
in Universe 110-6%
% in Sun N/A
% in Meteorites N/A
% in Earth's Crust 210-9%
% in Oceans 510-10%
% in Humans N/A

Associated Uses of Xenon
Stroboscopic, bactericidal, and laser-pumping lamps
Photographic flashes
General anaesthetic

Xe

The Properties of the Xenon Element
Symbol of Element : Xe
Atomic Number: 54
Atomic Mass: 131.29 amu
Melting Point: -111.9 C - 161.25 K
Boiling Point: -108.1 C - 165.05 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 54
Number of Neutrons: 77
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 5.8971 g/cm3
Color: Colorless

What is Xenon? The Properties of the Xenon Element
Name of Element : Xenon
Symbol of Element : Xe
Atomic Number of Xenon : 54
Atomic Mass: 131.29 amu
Melting Point: -111.9 C - 161.25 K
Boiling Point: -108.1 C - 165.05 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Xenon : 54
Number of Neutrons in Xenon : 77
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 5.8971 g/cm3
Color of Xenon : Colorless

Xenon as on the Periodic Table
Check out Xenon on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the
Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Xenon as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

Other elements classified as Noble Gases
The other elements contained in this classification are as follows:

  • Helium
  • Neon
  • Argon
  • Krypton
  • Radon

What is Xenon - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Xenon is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Xenon with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Xenon and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Xenon

The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry


 

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