The Element Ytterbium

What is Ytterbium? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

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Definition of the Ytterbium Element
A soft, bright, silvery rare-earth element occurring in two allotropic forms. This element is easily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids, slowly reacts with water, and oxidizes in air. It is used as an x-ray source for portable irradiation devices, in some laser materials, and in some special alloys. The Atomic Number of this element is 70 and the Element Symbol is Yb.

Origin / Meaning of the name Ytterbium
The
name originates from Ytterby, a town in Sweden where the mineral ytterbite (the source of ytterbium) was originally found.

 

Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Ytterbium Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Ytterbium is
classified as an element in the Lanthanide series as one of the "Rare Earth Elements" which can located in Group 3 elements of the Periodic Table and in the 6th and 7th periods. The Rare Earth Elements are divided into the Lanthanide and Actinide series. The elements in the Lanthanide series closely resemble lanthanum, and one another, in their chemical and physical properties. Their compounds are used as catalysts in the production of petroleum and synthetic products. Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

Facts about the Discovery and History of the Ytterbium Element
Ytterbium was discovered by Jena de Marignac  in 1878

History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief History of the Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of the Periodic Table.

Occurrence of the Ytterbium Element
Obtained from yttria, monazite, gadolinite & xenotime

Abundances of the element in different environments
%
in Universe 210-7%
% in Sun 110-7%
% in Meteorites 0.000018%
% in Earth's Crust 0.00028%
% in Oceans 810-11%
% in Humans N/A

Associated Uses of Ytterbium
Radiation source - portable X-ray machine
Chemical experiments
Metallurgical experiments

Yb

Properties of the Ytterbium Element
Symbol of Element : Yb
Atomic Number: 70
Atomic Mass: 173.04 amu
Melting Point: 824.0 C - 1097.15 K
Boiling Point: 1466.0 C - 1739.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 70
Number of Neutrons: 103
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 6.98 g/cm3
Color: Silvery

The Properties of the Ytterbium Element
Name of Element : Ytterbium
Symbol of Element : Yb
Atomic Number: 70
Atomic Mass: 173.04 amu
Melting Point: 824.0 C - 1097.15 K
Boiling Point: 1466.0 C - 1739.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 70
Number of Neutrons: 103
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 6.98 g/cm3
Color: Silvery

Ytterbium as on the Periodic Table
Check out Ytterbium on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the
Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Ytterbium as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

What is Ytterbium - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Ytterbium is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Ytterbium with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Ytterbium and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Ytterbium

The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry


 

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