The Element Zirconium

What is Zirconium? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

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Definition of the Zirconium Element
A lustrous, greyish-white, strong, ductile metallic element obtained primarily from zircon. Zirconium is extremely resistant to heat and corrosion. It is lighter than steel and its hardness is similar to copper. It is used chiefly in ceramic and refractory compounds, as an alloying agent, and in nuclear reactors as a highly corrosion-resistant alloy. The Atomic Number of this element is 40 and the Element Symbol is Zr.

Origin / Meaning of the name Zirconium
The name Zirconium originates from the Persian word 'zarkun' meaning
Gold like.

 

Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Zirconium Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Zirconium is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat.Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

Facts about the History and Discovery of the Zirconium Element
Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in 1789. It was first isolated in 1824 by Jons Jakob Berzelius by heating a mixture of
Potassium and potassium zirconium fluoride.

History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief History of the Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of the Periodic Table.

Occurrence of the Zirconium Element
Located in USA, Australia, Brazil, India and Russia
Source of zirconium is the zirconium silicate mineral, zircon and baddeleyite

Abundances of the element in different environments
% in Universe 510-6%
% in Sun 410-6%
% in Meteorites 0.00066%
% in Earth's Crust 0.013%
% in Oceans 2.610-9%
% in Humans 510-6%

Medical Uses of Zirconium - Health and Treatments
Interesting information on the Medical Uses of Zirconium, Health and Treatments. A component of zirconium dioxide was once used in some ointments for the treatment of poison ivy skin rashes, however these ointments caused skin granulomas in some individuals A granuloma is a small area of inflammation due to tissue injury. Similar skin conditions also developed in individuals using deodorants containing zirconium sodium lactate. Subsequently the use of zirconium compounds, except for zirconyl hydroxychloride, has been discontinued in the manufacture of skin ointments. Zirconyl hydroxychloride is still used in antiperspirants. 

Associated Uses of Zirconium
Vacuum tubes
A natural gemstone used in jewelry - cubic zirconia
Cubic zirconium rings and earrings
Aluminium zirconium tetrachlorohydrex
Nuclear energy uses
Military incendiaries
Lamp filaments
Piping
Artificial joints and limbs

Zr

Properties of the Zirconium Element
Symbol of Element : Zr
Atomic Number : 40
Atomic Mass: 91.224 amu
Melting Point: 1852.0 C - 2125.15 K
Boiling Point: 4377.0 C - 4650.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons : 40
Number of Neutrons: 51
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 6.49 g/cm3
Color of Zirconium :
grayish-white

The Properties of the Zirconium Element
Name of Element : Zirconium
Symbol of Element : Zr
Atomic Number of Zirconium : 40
Atomic Mass: 91.224 amu
Melting Point: 1852.0 C - 2125.15 K
Boiling Point: 4377.0 C - 4650.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Zirconium : 40
Number of Neutrons in Zirconium : 51
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 6.49 g/cm3
Color of Zirconium :
grayish-white

Zirconium as on the Periodic Table
Check out Zirconium on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Zirconium as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

What is Zirconium - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Zirconium is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Zirconium with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Zirconium and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Zirconium

The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry
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Periodic Table with Atomic Mass


 

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