List of Metals - Physical and Chemical properties of Metals
The definition of the term metals is as follows: Metals are
chemical elements with general characteristics and similar Physical
and Chemical Properties under normal conditions. The
study of metals is called metallurgy.
Metals are Good Conductors of Heat and Electricity
Metals have a shiny appearance or luster
Metals can be easily beaten into a thin sheet (malleable)
Metals feel heavy - dense
Metals are hard
Metals only melt when they are extremely hot - heat resistant
Metals are sonorous (they make a bell-like sound)
Metals bend rather than break, they are elastic
Metals are resistant to corrosion
Not all of the metals have the above properties
and characteristics. Many elements may be classified as metals according
to one set of properties and as non-metals according to another.
Examples: Lead is very soft. Mercury is a liquid.
Elements classified as
Metalloids have properties of
both metals and non-metals. Check out the links to individual
metallic elements (See list of Metals) to discover specific properties
List of Metals - The Periodic Table
Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are
classified as metals. Examples of metals are
zinc. In the Periodic Table metals are separated into the groups
detailed in the following list:
List of Metals - Alloys
What are alloys? Alloys made of mixtures of at least one metal
with either other metals, or with non-metals. Examples of some
common alloys are detailed in the following list:
Gunmetal (an alloy made from a mixture of copper, tin, and zinc)
(an alloy made from a mixture of iron and carbon)
Bronze (an alloy made from a mixture of copper and tin)
(an alloy made from a mixture of copper and zinc)
List of Metals - Discovery and History of Metals
Specific Facts and Information about the discovery and history of
metals are detailed on the page of each metal, links are provided below
in the List of Metals. Some metals were
available to and used by some of the oldest civilisations including the
Ancient Egyptians, Ancient Greeks and the Ancient Romans. Right
up to the Middle Ages it was believed that there were only seven metals.
These special metals are referred to as the 'Metals of
Antiquity'. The ancient 'Metals of Antiquity' together with
their approximate dates of discovery are
Iron (1500BC) and
Mercury (1500BC). The term
“metal” is derived from the Greek word 'metallon' meaning to excavate,
as in mines and pits. The materials obtained from various mines were
called metalleia by Plato.
Alphabetical List of Metals
Click one of the links to the elements detailed in the
alphabetical list of metals.
Alphabetical List of Metals
ABC List of Metals
* Element 113: Ununtrium, Element
114: Ununquadium, Element 115: Ununpentium and Element 116:
Ununhexium will probably be a basic metal.
We hope that the information
on this page providing an alphabetical List of Metals will
prove to be a useful resource for chemistry students.