Transition Metals

Transition Metals - Periodic Elements - Chemical Elements

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Transition Metals included on the Periodic Table based on the IOUPAC 1985 standard


What are Transition Metals? Define Transition Metals

Transition Metals is used as a term in Periodic Chemistry when classifying the chemical elements. Each element can usually be classified as a metal or a non-metal based on their general Chemical and Physical Properties. Transition Metals are any of the metallic elements within Groups 3 to 12 in the Periodic Table (see the List of Transition metals) that have an incomplete inner electron shell and that serve as transitional links between the most and the least electropositive in a series of elements.

 

What are Transition Metals? Common Properties of Transition Metals
All the transition metals have two electrons in their outermost shell, and all but zinc, cadmium, and mercury have an incompletely filled inner shell. Terms including multiple valences (because of their incomplete inner shells), high melting points, colored compounds, and the ability to form stable complex ions and alloys describe some of the properties of transition metals. Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

Elements classified as Transition Metals
The elements classified as "Transition Metals" are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and conduct electricity and heat - but there are some exceptions.

Common properties of Transition Metals
The elements classed as transition metals generally have the following properties in common:

  • Good conductors of heat and electricity
  • Easily hammered or bent into shape
  • Usually hard and tough
  • High densities
  • High melting points - but mercury is a liquid at room temperature
  • Form coloured compounds

Transition Metals - Chemical Elements in the Periodic Table
The elements contained in the classification of Transition Metals list are as follows:
 

 

Elements in the Periodic Table are classified as follows:
  • Metalloids
  • Alkali Metals
  • Alkaline Earth Metals
  • Transition Metals
  • Other Metals
  • Non-metals
  • Halogens
  • Noble Gases
  • Rare Earth Elements

Compare the properties of the elements classified as Transition Metals with the other group classifications via Periodic Table Groups and using the Periodic Table.


Transition Metals
Details and info regarding all of the Elements can be accessed by clicking the appropriate element link. Compare the properties of each element by using the Periodic Table.

Transition Metals

Transition Metals are included in The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry
for a chart that details the weights click
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