Nitrogen Reaction with Oxygen - Nitrogen Oxide Reaction
Heating Nitrogen and Oxygen produces Nitrogen oxide. Nitrogen dioxide reacts with water in one of two ways. In cold water NO2 forms a mixture of HNO2 and HNO3, while at higher temperatures HNO3 and NO are formed. Nitric oxide (NO) is formed by the reaction of nitrogen and oxygen. Nitric oxide is oxidized to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) which in turn reacts with water to give nitric acid (HNO3). Nitrogen oxides therefore react with water to form nitric acid (HNO3).
Nitrogen Dioxide and Water Reaction
Nitrogen and Oxygen do not react at ambient temperatures. But at high temperatures, they have an endothermic reaction producing various oxides of nitrogen. Nitric oxide, NO, is a gas used in the manufacture of sulfuric acid; in air it forms nitrogen dioxide, NO2, a poisonous reddish brown gas. Nitrogen monoxide is the systematic name for nitric oxide. Nitrogen dioxide is used to produce nitric acid and also known as liquid dioxide, nitrogen peroxide and nitrogen tetroxide.
Nitrogen and Hydrogen Reaction
When Nitrogen is mixed with hydrogen either ammonia (NH3) or ammonium (NH4) is formed. Ammonia is a colourless pungent gas which is lighter than air and very soluble in water which is used mainly to produce nitrogenous fertilizers, nitric acid, and some explosives. Ammonium compounds can occur in the vapor phase. When ammonia vapor comes in contact with hydrogen chloride vapor, a white cloud of ammonium chloride forms, which eventually settles out as a solid in a thin white layer on surfaces.
Some examples of a chemical reaction include most commonly burning, fermentation, tarnishing and rusting. There are several different types of Chemical reaction which have been detailed below:
- Substitution reactions
- Double displacement reactions
- Acid-base reactions
- Combustion reactions
- Combination reactions
- Decomposition reactions
Refer to our Chemical Reaction article for additional facts and information providing the different types of reactions, examples of reaction and the Rate of a Chemical Reaction.