The Element Tungsten

What is Tungsten? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

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What is the element Tungsten as on the Periodic Table?

Definition of the Tungsten Element
A hard, brittle, corrosion-resistant, gray to white metallic element extracted from wolframite, scheelite, and other minerals, having the highest melting point and lowest vapor pressure of any metal.

Tungsten and its alloys are used in high-temperature structural materials; in electrical elements, notably lamp filaments; and in instruments requiring thermally compatible glass-to-metal seals. The Atomic Number of this element is 74 and the Element Symbol is W.

 

Origin / Meaning of the name Tungsten
Tungsten originates from the Swedish words 'tung sten' meaning heavy stone. It was formerly called Wolfram hence the symbol of the element - 'W'.  From the name  meaning "wolf soot" was the name given to tungsten  Ancient alchemists called the metal "spuma lupi," the Latin words for  'wolf foam' which translated to the word "wolframite" in allusion to the objectionable scum or substance formed during the smelting of tin ores containing tungsten.

Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Tungsten Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Tungsten is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat.Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

Facts about the History and the discovery of the Tungsten Element
Tungsten was discovered by the Spanish brothers Fausto and Juan Jose de Elhuyar  in 1783

History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief History of the Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of the Periodic Table.

Occurrence of the Tungsten Element
Obtained from scheelite, wolframite

Abundances of the element in different environments
% in Universe 510-8%
% in Sun 410-7%
% in Meteorites 0.000012%
% in Earth's Crust 0.00011%
% in Oceans 1.210-8%
% in Humans N/A

Associated Uses of Tungsten
Space-age super-alloys
Light bulb filaments - fluorescent lighting
Cemented carbides (also called hardmetals)
Armaments
Jewelry - Tungsten Carbide

W

Properties of the Tungsten Element
Symbol of Element : W
Atomic Number: 74
Atomic Mass: 183.84 amu
Melting Point: 3410.0 C - 3683.15 K
Boiling Point: 5660.0 C - 5933.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 74
Number of Neutrons : 110
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 19.3 g/cm3
Color of Tungsten :
gray to white

The Properties of the Tungsten Element
Name of Element : Tungsten
Symbol of Element : W
Atomic Number of Tungsten : 74
Atomic Mass: 183.84 amu
Melting Point: 3410.0 C - 3683.15 K
Boiling Point: 5660.0 C - 5933.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Tungsten : 74
Number of Neutrons in Tungsten : 110
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 19.3 g/cm3
Color of Tungsten :
gray to white

Tungsten as on the Periodic Table
Check out Tungsten on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Tungsten as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

What is Tungsten - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Tungsten is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Tungsten with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Tungsten and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Tungsten

The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry


 

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