The Element Yttrium

What is Yttrium? Element Properties & Periodic Table Info

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Periodic Table Element Properties of Yttrium

Definition of the Yttrium Element
A silvery metallic element, not a rare earth but occurring in nearly all rare-earth minerals. Yttrium is fairly stable in air, because it is protected by the formation of a stable oxide film on its surface. It oxidizes readily when heated. It reacts with water decomposing it to release Hydrogen gas, and it reacts with mineral acids.

It is used in various metallurgical applications, notably to increase the strength of Magnesium and Aluminium alloys. The Atomic Number of this element is 39 and the Element Symbol is Y.

 

Origin / Meaning of the name Yttrium
The name originated from Ytterby, a Swedish village near Vaxholm where the mineral gadolinite was found.

Periodic Table Group and Classification of the of the Yttrium Element
Elements can be classified based on their physical states (States of Matter) e.g. gas, solid or liquid. This element is a solid. Yttrium is classified as a "Transition Metal" which are located in Groups 3 - 12 of the Periodic Table. Elements classified as Transition Metals are generally described as ductile, malleable, and able to conduct electricity and heat. Nearly 75% of all the elements in the Periodic Table are classified as metals which are detailed in the List of Metals.

Facts about the History of the Discovery of Yttrium Element
Yttrium was discovered by Johan Gadolin in 1794 and isolated by Friedrich Wohler in 1828. Yttria is the oxide of yttrium and was discovered by Johan Gadolin in 1794.

History of the Periodic Table
Check out the brief History of the Periodic Table which details dates and the names of famous scientists and chemists who contributed to the development of the Periodic Table.

Occurrence of the Yttrium Element
Found in almost all rare earth minerals
Obtained from monazite, xenotime and yettriac
Found in uranium ores

Abundances of the element in different environments
% in Universe 710-7%
% in Sun 110-6%
% in Meteorites 0.00019%
% in Earth's Crust 0.0029%
% in Oceans 1.310-9%
% in Humans N/A

Associated Uses of Yttrium
Used to make europium and europium phosphors that give the red color in color television picture tubes
Color TV's
Radars
Microwave filters. 

Y

Properties of the Yttrium Element
Symbol of Element : Y
Atomic Number: 39
Atomic Mass: 88.90585 amu
Melting Point: 1523.0 C - 1796.15 K
Boiling Point: 3337.0 C - 3610.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons: 39
Number of Neutrons: 50
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 0.53 g/cm3
Color of Yttrium :
silvery

The Properties of the Yttrium Element
Name of Element : Yttrium
Symbol of Element : Y
Atomic Number of Yttrium : 39
Atomic Mass: 88.90585 amu
Melting Point: 1523.0 C - 1796.15 K
Boiling Point: 3337.0 C - 3610.15 K
Number of Protons/Electrons in Yttrium : 39
Number of Neutrons in Yttrium : 50
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 0.53 g/cm3
Color of Yttrium :
silvery

Yttrium as on the Periodic Table
Check out Yttrium on the Periodic Table which arranges each chemical element according to its atomic number, as based on the Periodic Law, so that chemical elements with similar properties are in the same column. Our Periodic Table is simple to use - just click on the symbol for Yttrium as on the Periodic Table for additional information and for an instant comparison of the Atomic Weight, Melting Point, Boiling Point and Mass - G/cc with any other element. An invaluable source of facts and information as a Chemistry reference guide.

What is Yttrium - IUPAC and the Modern Standardised Periodic Table
The Standardised Periodic Table in use today was agreed by the International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, in 1985 and now recognises more periods and elements than Dimitri  Mendeleev knew in his day in his day but still all fitting into his concept of  the "Periodic Table" in which Yttrium is just one element that can be found.

Learn about what is Yttrium with these fast facts...
These articles contain facts and information relating to Yttrium and each of the other elements including the Periodic Symbol,  group, classification, properties and atomic number which is often referred to as the Periodic Table Number. Test your knowledge of chemistry and the Periodic Table by completing the Element Symbols and Atomic Numbers on our Blank Periodic Table. Chemistry students will also find a helpful section on Chemical Formulas.

What is the Element Yttrium

The Elements are the building blocks of Modern Science & Chemistry


 

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