Mass Numbers

 


Mass Numbers of Atoms - Definition
Definition of Mass Numbers: All atoms have a mass number which is derived from calculating the sum of the total number of neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus of a particular atom.

Mass Numbers = (Number of Protons) + (Number of Neutrons)

Mass Numbers - Atomic Weight
It is necessary to establish the atomic weight to enable you to establish the Mass Number. The atomic weight or mass is, basically, a measurement of the total number of particles in an atom's nucleus. Using the Mass Number you will be able to calculate the number of Neutrons in an atom.

 

Mass Numbers - How to find Mass Numbers
The mass number is established by rounding the atomic weight to the nearest whole number. The Periodic Table with Atomic Mass will give you the atomic weight, or atomic mass, of the elements. The chemical properties of an element are determined by its Atomic Number not its Mass Number which is why atomic numbers are shown on the Periodic table whilst Mass Numbers are not. Mass numbers equal the total number of heavy, or massive, particles in the nucleus. Subtracting the Atomic number from the Mass Number equals the number of neutrons in the nucleus.

Mass Numbers = Atomic Weight of Element, rounded to nearest whole number

Number of Neutrons = Mass Number - Atomic Number

Mass Numbers

Mass Numbers - The Mass Numbers of all of the elements
So, if we know the number of protons and neutrons in an atom we can determine the mass number. The unique chart below has been created by www.elementalmatter.info and details all of the elements in the Periodic table, the numbers of protons, the numbers of neutrons and the mass numbers of atoms which relate to  the elements.

Mass numbers - Examples of Mass Numbers
The following examples provide details of how to calculate the mass number.

  • Example 1 - mass number of Gold: The element Gold (Symbol Au) has the Atomic Number of 79. The number of protons in atom of gold is therefore 79. Gold has the Atomic Mass weight of 196.97. Round to the nearest whole number. The mass number of gold is therefore 197.

  • Example 2 - mass number of Silver: The element Silver (Symbol Ag) has the Atomic Number of 47. The number of protons in atom of silver is therefore 47. Silver has the Atomic Mass weight of 107.87. Round to the nearest whole number. The mass number of silver is therefore 108.

  • Example 3 - mass number of Neon: The element Neon (Symbol Ne) has the Atomic Number of 10. The number of protons in atom of neon is therefore 10. Neon has the Atomic Mass weight of 20.18. Round to the nearest whole number. The mass number of neon is therefore 20.

Mass Numbers = Atomic Weight of Element, rounded to nearest whole number

Mass numbers - Chart of Mass Numbers
The details all of the elements in the Periodic table, the numbers of protons, the numbers of neutrons and the mass numbers of atoms which relate to  the elements in the Periodic Table.

Chart of Mass Numbers

Atomic Number Name of Element Symbol of Element Mass Numbers Name of Element
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
Boron
Carbon
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Fluorine
Neon
Sodium
Magnesium
Aluminium
Silicon
Phosphorus
Sulfur
Chlorine
Argon
Potassium
Calcium
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Copper
Zinc
Gallium
Germanium
Arsenic
Selenium
Bromine
Krypton
Rubidium
Strontium
Yttrium
Zirconium
Niobium
Molybdenum
Technetium
Ruthenium
Rhodium
Palladium
Silver
Cadmium
Indium
Tin
Antimony
Tellurium
Iodine
Xenon
Cesium
Barium
Lanthanum
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
Hafnium
Tantalum
Tungsten
Rhenium
Osmium
Iridium
Platinum
Gold
Mercury
Thallium
Lead
Bismuth
Polonium
Astatine
Radon
Francium
Radium
Actinium
Thorium
Protactinium
Uranium
Neptunium
Plutonium
Americium
Curium
Berkelium
Californium
Einsteinium
Fermium
Mendelevium
Nobelium
Lawrencium
Rutherfordium
Dubnium
Seaborgium
Bohrium
Hassium
Meitnerium
Darmstadtium
Roentgenium
Ununbium
Ununtrium
Ununquadium
Ununpentium
Ununhexium
Ununseptium
Ununoctium
H
He
Li
Be
B
C
N
O
F
Ne
Na
Mg
Al
Si
P
S
Cl
Ar
K
Ca
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
Mn
Fe
Co
Ni
Cu
Zn
Ga
Ge
As
Se
Br
Kr
Rb
Sr
Y
Zr
Nb
Mo
Tc
Ru
Rh
Pd
Ag
Cd
In
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Xe
Cs
Ba
La
Ce
Pr
Nd
Pm
Sm
Eu
Gd
Tb
Dy
Ho
Er
Tm
Yb
Lu
Hf
Ta
W
Re
Os
Ir
Pt
Au
Hg
Tl
Pb
Bi
Po
At
Rn
Fr
Ra
Ac
Th
Pa
U
Np
Pu
Am
Cm
Bk
Cf
Es
Fm
Md
No
Lr
Rf
Db
Sg
Bh
Hs
Mt
Ds
Rg
Uub
Uut
Uuq
Uup
Uuh
Uus
Uuo
1
4
7
9
11
12
14
16
19
20
23
24
27
28
31
32
35
40
30
40
45
48
51
52
55
56
58
58
64
65
70
73
75
79
80
84
85
88
89
91
93
96
98
101
103
106
108
112
115
119
122
128
127
131
133
137
139
140
141
144
145
150
152
157
159
163
165
167
169
173
175
178
181
184
186
190
192
195
197
201
204
207
209
209
210
222
223
226
227
232
231
238
237
244
243
247
247
251
252
257
258
259
262
261
268
263
264
269
268
272
273
277
286
289
288
292
292
293
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
Boron
Carbon
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Fluorine
Neon
Sodium
Magnesium
Aluminium
Silicon
Phosphorus
Sulfur
Chlorine
Argon
Potassium
Calcium
Scandium
Titanium
Vanadium
Chromium
Manganese
Iron
Cobalt
Nickel
Copper
Zinc
Gallium
Germanium
Arsenic
Selenium
Bromine
Krypton
Rubidium
Strontium
Yttrium
Zirconium
Niobium
Molybdenum
Technetium
Ruthenium
Rhodium
Palladium
Silver
Cadmium
Indium
Tin
Antimony
Tellurium
Iodine
Xenon
Cesium
Barium
Lanthanum
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
Hafnium
Tantalum
Tungsten
Rhenium
Osmium
Iridium
Platinum
Gold
Mercury
Thallium
Lead
Bismuth
Polonium
Astatine
Radon
Francium
Radium
Actinium
Thorium
Protactinium
Uranium
Neptunium
Plutonium
Americium
Curium
Berkelium
Californium
Einsteinium
Fermium
Mendelevium
Nobelium
Lawrencium
Rutherfordium
Dubnium
Seaborgium
Bohrium
Hassium
Meitnerium
Darmstadtium
Roentgenium
Ununbium
Ununtrium
Ununquadium
Ununpentium
Ununhexium
Ununseptium
Ununoctium
Atomic Number Name of Element Symbol of Element Mass Numbers Name of Element

Chart of Mass Numbers

 

Mass numbers

Mass numbers and the Periodic Table - the most important chemistry reference there is, and
the cornerstone of science since 1869


 

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